In 1946 while living in the South of France, Francoise Gilot met Henri Matisse for the first time in his house in Vence called "Le Reve" (The Dream). Matisse was Francois' "favorite among the moderns" and following their meeting she emulated his work in her own art for the entire year. This year was a turning point in Matisse' graphic works producing illustrations for three (now very famous) books and perhaps the most important of all creating an innovative book of cutouts titled JAZZ. Matisse produced it at the urging and support of his friend and publisher E. Teriade.
Confined to bed following major life saving surgery for intestinal cancer in 1941, Matisse now unable to stand at the easel developed a novel method of artistic creation using a simple pair of scissors to create innovative collaged shapes . Known as the "Cut Out" this technique would define his final period of artistic creation.